All of these authors have the classic ‘rags to riches’ background about them, that’s why they are written about very dismal thoughts of being trapped. For example “this room is breaking out” (This Room), this could be a metaphorical room, the room that’s trapped inside the author that wants to come out “in search of space and light.”
Another good example that shows that the authors have suffered in life is in the poem ‘Not my Business’ the poem is about people being taken away from there homes for whatever reason but Niyi, the author wanted to deny all knowledge until he knows that these things will affect him personally. This is shown in the way the poem is very regular with a strong pattern and the same message is repeated in the first three stanzers but the pattern is broken in the last stanser showing he has been caught and will be taken from his home and the people who love him. When this poem was written the government of Nigeria would execute people who did not obey their regime this would, as you could probably imagine of been opposed by most of the population. That’s why I think the author uses the unpleasant image of people being beaten and then “stuffed down the belly of a waiting jeep”
1930-, West Indian dramatist and poet, b. Castries, St. Lucia. Walcott is the son of a British father and a West Indian mother. His meticulously honed poems and evocative dramas exalt the English language while also using a rich mix of Latin, French, and patois. He skillfully fuses folk culture with the classical and avant-garde. He writes of his African heritage and addresses personal conflicts, many of which arise from his own mixed-race background, endowing his themes with universal meaning. Often focusing on West Indian folk traditions. Walcott, who lives in the United States and Trinidad, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1992.
Derek Walcott was born in St. Lucia, West Indies, in 1930, to an English father and African mother. He is the author of more than twenty collections of poems and plays, including Omeros, The Arkansas Testament , and The Bounty . He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992.
As Rebekah Presson noted in the introduction to an interview, “Walcott’s plays and poems are distinguished by the tensions between the European and African/Caribbean cultures, and by the resolution of those tensions. In play after play, poem after poem — and especially in his recent epic poem Omeros. — Walcott explores the burden of cultural pasts (Omeros is itself Walcott’s Caribbean Odyssey), and how those pasts contend within his heroic, if all-too-human, characters.”