Bass- because of the choral structure (root of the chord in the bass), sopranoвЂ?because of the melody lines. 14 . What is the basso continuo? What instruments play it? The bass line/part of the USIA in addition to the group of instruments playing the part. Keyboard and a cello, bassoon, etc. 15. What was a baroque orchestra like? 16. What family of instruments were the most important? Strings 17. What is a movement? Did baroque compositions often consist of multiple movements? A movement is an independent section of a larger work, like a chapter of a book.
It is often related in some way (by key structure or melodic or rhythmic motif) to the larger work as a whole. Baroque music was often segmented into movements, slow- fast-slow (French Overture) or fast-slow-fast (The assassin, or Italian overture), and onto dance movements, as in Handel’s Water Music or Bach’s lute suites 18. What is the primary or most important way that the movements might contrast one another? Tempo 19. What is opera? What does it include? Where was it invented? Dramatic vocal form blending visual, literary, and musical arts, in which all dialogue is sung.
Costumes, sets, props, and it’s staged. Florence, Italy. 20. What is the libretto? The words to the opera 21 . What is an aria? More lyrical, song like portion of an opera. Not speech like, for a solo voice 22. What is a recitative? Rapid words advancing story quickly and clearly Eng, it imitates the natural rhythms of speech. Progresses the story. Only accompanied by the basso continuo. 23. What is a dad capo aria? Ternary (ABA) form. The text for both A sections is exactly the same. Singers typically ornamented or embellished the 2nd A Section 24.
What is the ground bass aria? Has a repeated pattern in the bass 25. What is the first significant opera? L’Oreal 26. What is an oratorio? Like an opera but not staged; based on biblical stories 27. What is a passion? Type of oratorio based on the life, death, and resurrection of Christ 28. What is a chorale. A Lutheran hymn tune associated wit n German Protestantism 29. What is a church cantata? A very short onstage opera written for instruments and one or two voices in a single scene or situation 30. What is a sonata? Instrumental work with 4 contrasting movements.
What are the different types? Solo, trio, sonata De camera, sonata De chaise 31 . What is a fugue? A carefully worked out polyphonic piece of music using a theme, subject or motive that occurs in all voices 32. What is a prelude? A rambling, improvisatory sounding piece that is often paired with and played before a fugue 33. What is a suite? Often called a Baroque or dance suite) A collection of dances. Written only for instruments. All dances were in the same key center to unify the dances. 34. What is a confusion? An Italian word for symphony. 35.
What is the concerto gross? Small group and large group orchestra A solo concerto? Solo instruments and orchestra. How many movements does it have? 36. What is the arteriole form and how does it work? The first and last movements of concerti gross arena in the formed which is based on alternation between tutu and solo sections. Composers: Please include the following for each (l need to be able to ell that you read about them and did not Just Google them or use Wakefield, etc. And copied and pasted-read your textbook please) a. Dates b. Nationality c.
Composer of the four seasons 41. Johann Sebastian Bach- 1685-1750 German composer who improvised on the pipe organ and was especially known for his fugues. He wrote in every Baroque style except opera. 42. G. F. Handel- 1685-1759 German composer who became an English citizen and wrote the messiah. Became the Asperities for George, the elector of Hanover in Germany. Genres: Over 20 oratorios, opera serial, Orchestral suites, solo keyboard works, trio sonatas. Music for the Royal firework’s, the water music.